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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

138,567
RESULTS
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Media Type
10
collections
138,557
texts
Topics & Subjects
8,925
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
8,898
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
7,808
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
7,588
Natural history
7,556
Science
6,504
Botany
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Collection
138,566
Biodiversity Heritage Library
90,082
American Libraries
40,770
FEDLINK - United States Federal Collection
35,303
The National Agricultural Library
27,858
Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection
12,737
The Boston Library Consortium
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Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
548
united states national museum
529
united states. bureau of fisheries
477
harvard university. museum of comparative zoology
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Language
98,107
English
14,086
German
10,891
French
2,452
Latin
2,190
Spanish
2,126
Italian
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SHOW DETAILS
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eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
7,634
ITEMS
5.4M
VIEWS
collection
eye 5.4M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,042
ITEMS
858,884
VIEWS
collection
eye 858,884
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
246,299
VIEWS
collection
eye 246,299
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
160,050
VIEWS
collection
eye 160,050
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
2,899
ITEMS
123,249
VIEWS
collection
eye 123,249
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 100,530
favorite 10
comment 4
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 4 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
1,101
ITEMS
90,974
VIEWS
collection
eye 90,974
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
collection
eye 52,464
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 36,881
favorite 11
comment 3
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 32,080
favorite 21
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 30,485
favorite 3
comment 1
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 28,054
favorite 56
comment 5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 27,840
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 22,928
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
texts
eye 21,106
favorite 10
comment 0
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 20,127
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 19,404
favorite 4
comment 1
Contains bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 18,669
favorite 15
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,656
favorite 1
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 16,896
favorite 1
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 16,851
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 16,812
favorite 6
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,683
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 16,647
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 16,310
favorite 6
comment 2
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 16,089
favorite 0
comment 1
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,940
favorite 2
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 183-188
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,742
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Journal move 1991
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,334
favorite 5
comment 0
Source: London, UK
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 15,117
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 14,454
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 14,276
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,245
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,918
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 13,880
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
texts
eye 13,663
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 13,631
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 13,488
favorite 3
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 601-669
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 13,239
favorite 0
comment 1
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 13,207
favorite 3
comment 1
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 13,202
favorite 4
comment 0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 12,879
favorite 1
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 12,834
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,673
favorite 0
comment 1
Includes bibliography
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,666
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,650
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 12,350
favorite 7
comment 3
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,246
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,224
favorite 0
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 12,202
favorite 5
comment 2
Bibliography: p. 18
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 12,195
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 545-569
( 1 reviews )
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,179
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Includes bibliographic references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
texts
eye 12,170
favorite 0
comment 0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 12,076
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,007
favorite 1
comment 0
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
texts
eye 11,981
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 11,618
favorite 0
comment 1
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 11,552
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
texts
eye 11,504
favorite 0
comment 1
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 11,488
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 11,483
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references
Topics: German language -- Etymology, Birds -- Nomenclature, Birds -- Germany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
texts
eye 11,478
favorite 2
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Biochemistry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 11,327
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973; Lechevalier, Hubert A
texts
eye 11,209
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 237-239
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Actinomyces, Antibiotics, Actinomycetales, Antibiotics
Ernst Mayr Library, Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology
by Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique; yale de Belgique. Collection in-40; ©moires sur les questions proposées
texts
eye 11,150
favorite 0
comment 0
Superseded in part by: Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-40, Mémoires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, and: M©moires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique....
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 11,136
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Natural history, Natural history -- Spain
Vol.1-5, 1903-1915. Supplement, Vol.6-8, 1922-1940
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Soil Conservation Service
texts
eye 11,061
favorite 3
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany, Botany -- United States, Botany -- Canada, Botany -- Caribbean Area, Phytogeography --...